NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 | Our Country India

Here are expected questions from the chapter 7 of NCERT Class 6 Geography.

1. The most populous country in the world


2. Second most populous country in the world


3. Which latitude passes through India?

Tropic of Cancer (23.30 degree N)

4. How many time zones does the USA have?


5. How many time zones does Canada have?


6. By how many minutes does the time zone change for every one degree of longitude?

4 minutes

7. Indian standard time is the local time at longitude

82 degree 30 E

8. India shares boundaries with how many nations?


9. Which strait separates India from Sri Lanka?

Palk Strait

10. How many states and union territories are there in India?

28 states and 9 UTs

11. Largest state in India


12. Smallest state in India


13. Briefly explain the physical division of Himalaya

Himalayas are snow-capped mountains in the north. The mountains are divided into three parallel ranges. The northernmost range is the Greater Himalaya or Himadri. Middle Himalaya or Himachal lies to the south of Himadri. There are many famous hill stations here. Shiwalik is the southernmost range of Himalayas.

14. Name the great Indian desert

Thar desert

15. Name the famous hill range in the north-west of the country

Aravali Hills

16. Name the desert in the western part of the country


17. Largest delta in the world

Sunderbans Delta

18. Which two rivers together form the Sunderbans Delta?

Ganga and Brahmaputra

19. Name the Indian island in Arabian Sea

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20. Name the group of islands in Bay of Bengal

Andaman and Nicobar

21. What is a desert?

A desert is a dry, hot and sandy stretch of land with very little vegetation.

22. Two mountain ranges in peninsular India?

Vindhyas and Satpuras

23. Define the mouth of the river

The mouth of the river is the point where the river enters the sea.

24. What is the main difference between the western coastal planes and eastern coastal planes?

Western coastal planes are narrow whereas eastern coastal planes are broad.

25. Name the diverse landforms of India

The diverse land forms are:

a) the lofty mountains
b) the great Indian desert
c) the northern plains
d) the uneven plateau
e) the coasts and islands

26. Explain the political division of the country

India is a vast country in the world. It is also the 2nd most populous country in the world. India has 28 states and 9 union territories. Delhi is the national capital. Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state in terms of area. The states are divided into districts.

27. Define the Northern Plains

Northern plains lie to the south of the Himalayas. They are generally level and flat. These are formed by the alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra and their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation. That is the reason for the huge population there.

28. The Great Indian Desert

It lies in the western part of India. It is an extremely dry, hot and sandy stretch of land. It has very little vegetation.

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28. Peninsular plateau

It lies to the south of northern plains. It is triangular in shape. The relief is highly uneven. Aravali Hills, which is one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world, border the peninsular plateau on the north-west side. The Vindhyas and Satpuras are the important ranges in the peninsula. The rivers Narmada and Tapi flow through these ranges. These are west-following rivers that drain into the Arabian Sea. The Western Ghats or Sahyadris border the plateau in the west and the Eastern Ghats provide the eastern boundary.

29. Coastal plains

The coastal plains lie to the west of the Western Ghats and to the east of the Eastern Ghats. The western coastal plains are very narrow whereas the eastern coastal plains are broader.

30. Islands

Two groups of islands form part of India. Lakshadweep Islands are located in the Arabian Sea. It is a coral island. The Andaman and Nicobar islands flow into the Bay of Bengal.

Fill in the blanks

1. Bay of Bengal is in the ……………………
2. Arabian sea is in the ……………………
3. India is a …………………….. country.
4. Indian ocean is in the …………………..
5. India has an area of …………………….
6. The North-South extends from ……………………. to ……………………
7. The East-West extends from ………………………… to ……………………..
8. How long is India from North to South?
9. How long is India from East to West?
10. Sri Lanka is separated from India by the ……………………….


1. East

2. West

3. Peninsular

4. South

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5. 3.28 million

6. Kashmir to Kanyakumari

7. Arunachal Pradesh to Kutch

8. Palk Strait

9. 3200 km

10. 2,900 km

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