# NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Maps Expected Questions

Here are the expected questions from chapter 4 of NCERT Class 6 Geography.

1. Name the tree types of maps

Physical map, political map, thematic map

2. When is the globe useful?

A globe is a miniature model of the earth. It is useful when we want to study the earth as a globe.

3. Define globe

A globe is a model of the earth.

4. When is a map useful?

A map can be helpful when we want to study a particular part of the earth such as a country, state, district or town.

5. What are relief maps?

Physical maps are also called relief maps.

6. Name the three components of a map

Distance, direction and symbol

7. What are cardinal points?

North, South, East and West are the cardinal points.

8. What are the intermediate directions?

North East, South East, North West and South West are the intermediate directions.

9. We can find direction with the help of a ………………………….

Compass

10. What do we use a compass for?

We use a compass for finding the direction.

11. What is a compass?

A compass is a device used to find out the directions. Its magnetic needle always points towards north.

12. What is a sketch?

A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation. It is not to scale.

13. When is a sketch useful?

Sometimes we need a rough drawing of an area to tell where a particular place is located with respect to other places. For example, if you want to visit your friend’s home, you may want a sketch of the area.

14. What is a plan?

A plan is a drawing of a small area in large scale.

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15. What is the difference between large scale map and small scale map?

Large scale map gives more information than a small scale map. They give us detailed information of a place. Large scale maps are used to draw small places like towns, villages, districts etc.
When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, we use small scale maps. For example, 5 cm on a large scale map shows 500 km of the ground.

16. How do symbols help in reading maps?

Symbols are a universal language that can be understood by all. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols on maps.

17. What do you mean by the scale of the map?

The scale is the distance between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. For example, the distance between your home and school could be 10 km. It is not possible to draw a map showing the actual distance. Hence, on a map, the 10 km distance may be shown as 2 cm. In this case, 1 cm on the map indicates 5 km and the scale is 1 cm = 5 km.

18. Write the colours used to indicate the following on a map

Water bodies – blue
Plains – green
Plateau – yellow
Mountains – brown

19. What is a map? What are the uses of the map?

A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Maps give detailed information of a place. With the help of a map we can understand what type of landform is that particular area. Map also provides information about important places.

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20. Briefly explain the different types of maps

a) Physical map

Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, planes, rivers, oceans etc are called physical or relief maps.

b) Political map

Maps showing cities, towns, villages and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.

c) Thematic maps

Some maps which focus on specific information such as roads, rainfall, distribution of forests, industries etc. are called thematic maps.

21. What is scale? Which are the two types of scale?

Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on a map.

The two types of scales are:

Large scale

Small scale

Small scale maps show large areas like continents or countries.

Large scale maps show a small place like village or town.

22. How are maps more useful than a globe?

Maps provide more information than a globe. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole but if we want to study only a part of the earth, a country or a state, a globe is of little help. In such situations only maps are useful.

23. How do symbols help in reading maps?

Symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. With the help of these symbols maps can be drawn easily and are easy to understand even if you don’t know the language of an area and therefore cannot ask someone for directions. We can collect information from maps with the help of symbols.

24. What are conventional symbols?

Maps have a universal language that can be understood by all. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.

25. What are the components of a map?

The components of a map are:

Distance

Maps are drawing on a sheet of paper to reduce scales. This reduction is done very carefully. Therefore a scale is chosen for this purpose. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and distance shown on a map.

The 2 types of scale are:

Large scale
Small scale

Direction

There are four major directions. North, South, East, West. The intermediate directions are:

North east
North west
South east
South west

Symbols

Symbols are the small signs or pictures that represent some thing. Symbols give a lot of information.

Colours

To identify landforms easily. Colours are used in the map. The main colours used in the map are:

Green – plains
Mountain – brown
Yellow – plateaus
Blue – water bodies

26. Write the difference between map and plan?

Map

In a map we can study a part or the whole of the earth. A map contains a lot of information. Map shows only very important features. Maps are of large scale and small scale.

Plan

A plan is a detailed drawing of a small area. In a plan details are given in the form of symbols. A plan can show length and breadth. Plans are of large scale.