If-clauses Exercise for Classes 9 and 10

If clauses are also called conditional clauses. They express a condition – something which must happen first so that something else can happen.
There are three types of if-clauses.

  1. First conditional
  2. Second conditional
  3. Third conditional

First conditional clauses are used to talk about real and possible situations.
Second and third conditional are used to talk about imaginary or improbable situations.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb form.

1. If you ………………………… early, you wouldn’t miss the train. (start / started / had started)

2. If she had paid the fee, they …………………………. her subscription. (will not cancel / would not cancel / would not have cancelled)

3. If father …………………………. now, we could go to the movies. (arrive / arrived / had arrived)

4. If she ………………………… more money, she could buy a car. (earns / earned / had earned)

5. If I had saved enough money, I ………………………….. a house. (can buy / could buy / could have bought)

6. If she had worked harder, she ……………………………….. won. (will win / would win / would have won)

7. If she ………………………….. we will forgive her. (apologizes / apologized / had apologized)

8. If the child received medical attention, he ……………………….. (will survive / would survive / would have survived)

9. If you ……………………….. these tablets, you will get well. (take / took / had taken)

Answers

1. If you started early, you wouldn’t miss the train.

2. If she had paid the fee, they would not have cancelled her subscription.

3. If father arrived now, we could go to the movies.

4. If she earned more money, she could buy a car.

5. If I had saved enough money, I could have bought a house.

6. If she had worked harder, she would have won.

7. If she apologizes we will forgive her.

8. If the child received medical attention, he would survive.

9. If you take these tablets, you will get well.

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