### What is a finite-verb?

A verb that changes its form according to the change in the number and person of the subject is a **finite verb**. Study the examples given below.

- I
**love**writing. (Here we use the verb love because the subject is the first person singular pronoun I.) - He
**loves**writing. (The verb love becomes loves when the subject is a third person singular pronoun.) - Rani
**loves**writing. (Here also the verb love becomes loves because the subject is a singular noun.)

As you can see the verb** love** changes its form when there is a change in the number and person of the subject. Hence, it is a **finite verb.**

Finite verbs have different forms in different tenses.

- They
**are writing.**(In the present continuous tense, the verb**write**becomes**is/am/are + writing**.) - I
**am writing.** - I
**was writing.** - I
**wrote.**

### What is a non-finite verb?

A **non-finite verb** has the same form regardless of the change in the number or person of the subject.

- I enjoy reading.
- He enjoys reading.
- She enjoyed reading.
- Raju enjoys reading.

As you can see the **verb enjoy** changes its form when the subject or tense changes. By contrast, the verb **reading** remains the same in all sentences. Here, enjoy is a finite verb whereas reading is a non-finite verb.

There are four types of non-finite verbs. They are:

- Infinitives:
*to write, to work, to sing, to buy, to hear etc.* - Gerunds:
*writing, working, singing, buying, hearing etc.* - Present participle:
*writing, working, singing, buying, hearing etc.* - Past participle:
*written, worked, sung, bought, heard etc.*

Gerunds and present participles have the same form. However, their grammatical properties are different.

## Finite and non-finite verbs worksheet for class 7

Identify the finite and non-finite verbs in the following sentences.

1. He wants to find a good job.

2. I enjoy swimming in the sea.

3. A young man rose from his seat to speak.

4. I went to Mumbai to stay with my brother.

5. She does not know what to do.

6. Seeing the cops, the thieves ran away.

7. Standing at the gate, the man shouted loudly.

8. Biting nails is a bad habit.

9. She prevented me from entering her room.

10. We do not allow smoking in the house.

11. The travellers stopped to get some rest.

12. After resting for some time, they resumed their journey.

### Answers

1. He wants to find a good job. (wants – finite; to find – non finite)

2. I enjoy swimming in the sea. (enjoy – finite; swimming – non finite)

3. A young man rose from his seat to speak. (rose – finite; to speak – non finite)

4. I went to Mumbai to stay with my brother. (went – finite; to stay – non finite)

5. She does not know what to do. (does not know – finite; to do – non finite)

6. Seeing the cops, the thieves ran away. (ran – finite; seeing – non finite)

7. Standing at the gate, the man shouted loudly. (shouted – finite; standing – non finite)

8. Biting nails is a bad habit. (is – finite; biting – non finite)

9. She prevented me from entering her room. (prevented – finite; entering – non finite)

10. We do not allow smoking in the house. (do not allow – finite; smoking – non finite)

11. The travellers stopped to get some rest. (stopped – finite; to get – non finite)

12. After resting for some time, they resumed their journey. (resting – non finite; resumed – finite)

## Finite and non-finite verbs worksheet 2

Identify the finite and non-finite verbs in the following sentences.

1. She went to university to meet her professor.

2. She doesn’t know how to behave.

3. I have stopped talking to him.

4. It took me a long time to finish the job.

5. She went to the hospital to get that mole checked.

6. Don’t forget to lock the door before you leave.

7. I want to discuss this matter with you.

8. Running fast, he soon caught up with us.

9. He refused to listen to me.

10. I found him sitting at a table.

11. He enjoys having neighbours to quarrel with.

12. The only thing that matters is to find our way home.

13. When we reached home, we found water dripping down the wall.

14. I have nothing to hide from you.

15. She ran into the room singing.

16. I didn’t dare to question him.

17. She refused to get up.

18. I didn’t want to offend him.

## Answers

1. She went to university to meet her professor. (Finite: went; non-finite: to meet)

2. She doesn’t know how to behave. (Finite: doesn’t know; non-finite: to behave)

3. I have stopped talking to him. (Finite: have stopped; non-finite: talking)

4. It took me a long time to finish the job. (Finite: took; non-finite: to finish)

5. She went to the hospital to get that mole checked. (Finite: went; non-finite: to get)

6. Don’t forget to lock the door before you leave. (Finite: don’t forget, leave; non-finite: to lock)

7. I want to discuss this matter with you. (Finite: want; non-finite: to discuss)

8. Running fast, he soon caught up with us. (Finite: caught; non-finite: running)

9. He refused to listen to me. (Finite: refused; non-finite: to listen)

10. I found him sitting at a table. (Finite: found; non-finite: sitting)

11. He enjoys having neighbours to quarrel with. (Finite: enjoys; non-finite: having, to quarrel)

12. The only thing that matters is to find our way home. (Finite: is; non-finite: to find)

13. When we reached home, we found water dripping down the wall. (Finite: reached, found; non-finite: dripping)

14. I have nothing to hide from you. (Finite: have; non-finite: to hide)

15. She ran into the room singing. (Finite: ran; non-finite: singing)

16. I didn’t dare to question him. (Finite: didn’t dare; non-finite: to question)

17. She refused to get up. (Finite: refused; non-finite: to get)

18. I didn’t want to offend him. (Finite: didn’t want; non-finite: to offend)

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