Class 7 Politics Chapter 3 | How the State Government Works

Here are expected questions from Class 7 Politics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works

1. Who elect the Members of the Legislative Assembly?

People

2. Each state in India has a ……………………………….

Legislative Assembly

3. Who is an MLA?

Each state in India is divided into assembly constituencies. When elections to the legislative assembly are held, people of each constituency will elect one person as their representative. The person thus wins the election to the legislative assembly from each constituency becomes the Member of the Legislative Assembly or MLA.

4. MLAs belong to different ……………………………….

Political parties

5. How do MLAs become ministers?

The political party that has won the election in more than half of the constituencies has the majority in the state. They are called the ruling party and members of all other parties are called the opposition. MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect their leader after the election and that leader will become the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister then selects other MLAs of the ruling party as Ministers.

6. Who appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers?

The Governor

7. What is the Legislative Assembly?

The Legislative Assembly is the place where all MLAs meet to discuss various things.

8. Who is the head of the state?

The Governor

9. Who appoints the Governor?

The Central Government

10. What is the role of the Governor in a state?

The Governor is the head of the state. He/She is appointed by the Central Government to make sure that the state government works within the rules and regulations of the constitution.

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11. Write a short note on a debate in the Legislative Assembly

The Legislative Assembly is the place where MLAs of all parties meet to discuss various issues. While discussing an issue, MLAs can express their opinions, make suggestions or ask questions. Other members can respond to these questions or suggestions if they want. The Minister will then answer the questions and assure the Assembly that adequate measures have been taken to address the issue they are discussing.

12. All the MLAs who gather together in the Legislative Assembly are called the …………………………………

Legislature

13. In a democracy what are the different ways in which people express their views on the working of the government?

In the Legislative Assembly, MLAs meet to discuss various issues. They express their opinions and ask questions. Newspapers, television channels and other organizations also talk about government policies and various problems affecting the people. Newspapers and news channels play an important role in shaping public opinion and prompting governments to action.

14. What is the purpose of a press conference?

In a democracy, the Legislative Assembly is not the only place where problems are discussed. Oftentimes after the discussion in the Legislative Assembly, the minister or ministers will hold a press conference where a number of people from different newspapers are present. The reporters will ask the minister questions and he/she will explain how the government is dealing with the current situations. These discussions are then reported in newspapers and thus reach the public.

15. Laws for the entire country are made in ……………………………

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The parliament

16. Laws for various state governments are made in …………………………….

The Legislative Assembly

17. Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

The Chief Ministers and Ministers have the power to make various decisions concerning the administration of the state. However, these decisions have to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly before they can become laws. For this purpose, it is important to discuss these decisions in the Legislative Assembly.

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