Class 10 Gap Filling Exercise

Complete the following passage. Choose the correct forms of the words given in the brackets.

Election ………………. (is / was / has been) the most crucial system in any democracy. But voting methods ……………….. (differ / differs / are differing) between countries. Here are the various ways in which the world ………………………. (votes / has voted / is voting).

First-past-the-post or Westminster system

In the Westminister system, the country ………………………. (divided / is divided / has divided) into territorial single-member constituencies and voters within each constituency ………………………. (cast / casts / have casted) a single ballot for one candidate. The candidate with the largest share of votes in each constituency ………………………… (wins / won / has won) and the party with an overall majority of seats ……………………….. (form / forms / is forming) the government. This system is practiced in India, the UK , the US , Canada and many Commonwealth countries.

Second ballot majority runoff system

In this system, candidates obtaining an absolute majority of votes (50 percent +) in the first round …………………………. (elect / are elected / have elected). If this ………………………. (don’t / doesn’t / didn’t) happen, a second round ……………………….. (held / is held / has held) between the two candidates who …………………………… (get / got / had got) the highest number of votes. This system ………………………. (practiced / is practiced / has practiced) in counties like France, Austria , Columbia , Russia and Finland .

Answers

Election is the most crucial system in any democracy. But voting methods differ between countries. Here are the various ways in which the world votes.

First-past-the-post or Westminster system

In this system, the country is divided into territorial single-member constituencies and voters within each constituency cast a single ballot for one candidate. The candidate with the largest share of votes in each constituency wins and the party with an overall majority of seats forms the government. This system is practiced in India , the UK , the US , Canada and many Commonwealth countries.

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Second ballot majority runoff system

Candidates obtaining an absolute majority of votes (50 percent +) in the first round are elected. If this doesn’t happen, a second round is held between the two candidates who got the highest number of votes. This system is practiced in counties like France , Austria , Columbia , Russia and Finland .

 

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