Direct And Indirect Speech For Classes 7 And 8
If the reporting verb (the verb outside the quotation marks) is in the past tense, the verb in the direct speech changes as follows.
Simple present changes to simple past.
- ‘You are late,’ he said.
- He said that I was late.
Present continuous changes to past continuous.
- ‘I am doing my homework,’ she said.
- She said that she was doing her homework.
Present perfect changes to past perfect.
- Sam said, ‘I have sent the parcel’.
- Sam said that he had sent the parcel.
Present perfect continuous changes to past perfect continuous
- Sujatha said, ‘I have been working in this office for two years.’
- Sujatha said that she had been working in that office for two years.
Simple past changes to past perfect.
- Raju said, ‘I watched an interesting movie yesterday’.
- Raju said that he had watched an interesting movie the day before / the previous day.
Past continuous changes to past perfect continuous.
- Mother said, ‘I was watering the plants.’
- Mother said that she had been watering the plants.
Will changes to would
Shall changes to would/should
Can changes to could
May changes to might
Must changes to had to / would have to
Must not changes to was/were not to
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense, the verb in the direct speech does not change.
- Raju says, ‘I want to go.’
- Raju says that he wants to go.
- Rani says, ‘I will not go.’
- Rani says that she will not go.